Torah


Torah
Hebrew for ‘instruction’ or ‘teaching’. The translation ‘Law’ is too restrictive: there is a body of legal enactments but it is within a corpus of divine revelation and teaching—the whole being known as Torah. In addition to the statutes (Exod. 18:16) the Torah contains instructions for worship (Lev. 6:14), sacrificial procedure, right conduct, and precautions to preserve purity (Lev. 10:10; 14:57; Deut. 4–7; 11–15; 23). In Deut. the Torah refers to the whole book, all that went to maintain Israel's cultural and religious identity, based on the law book that was allegedly found in the Temple (2 Kgs. 22:8). Josiah's contemporary, Jeremiah, uses Torah in a wide sense as in Deut., and in the psalms (e.g. Ps. 1:2) the study of Torah is praised as being the whole point and purpose of existence. Disobedience or neglect would bring exile, disaster, and death, even for kings (Deut. 17:18–20). In later Judaism the Pentateuch came to be known as the written Torah, while the oral Torah consisted of the traditions that were eventually written in the Mishnah, forming the basis of the Talmud.
Moses is credited with enunciating the Torah (Deut. 4:44) but subsequently Torah in its widest sense was promulgated by kings, priests, and wise men (Prov. 6:20). It was a divine revelation and responding to it was the devout Israelite's greatest joy (Ps. 119). In the NT Jesus warns his followers that the precepts of the Law take them only to the threshold of the kingdom: the Law forbade murder; within the kingdom there cannot even exist anger (Matt. 5:22). Paul regards observance of the Law as the badge of Judaism, from which Christians are released, for Christ alone is the agent of salvation.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • torah — torah …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • TORAH — (Heb. תּוֹרָה). The Term Torah is derived from the root ירה which in the hifil conjugation means to teach (cf. Lev. 10:11). The meaning of the word is therefore teaching, doctrine, or instruction ; the commonly accepted law gives a wrong… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Torah — • Signifies first direction, instruction , as, for instance, the instruction of parents, or of the wise Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Torah     Torah      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • TORAH — Le judaïsme se distingue des autres religions révélées par le fait qu’il place au centre de la révélation la T 拏rah , la « Loi ». Non qu’il faille confondre Loi et légalisme: à côté des prescriptions religieuses, éthiques et sociales, la T 拏rah… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Torah — To rah, Tora To ra, n.; pl. {Toroth}. [Heb. t[=o]r[=a]h.] (Jewish Lit.) (a) A law; a precept. A considerable body of priestly Toroth. S. R. Driver. (b) Divine instruction; revelation. Tora, . . . before the time of Malachi, is generally used of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Torah — the Pentateuch, 1570s, from Heb. torah, lit. instruction, law, verbal noun from horah he taught, showed …   Etymology dictionary

  • Torah — ► NOUN ▪ (in Judaism) the law of God as revealed to Moses and recorded in the Pentateuch. ORIGIN Hebrew, instruction, doctrine, law …   English terms dictionary

  • torah — or tora [tō′rə, tôr′ə, tō rä′] n. [Heb tora, law < hora, to teach < root jrh, to cast, throw] Judaism 1. a) learning, law, instruction, etc. b) [usually T ] the whole body of Jewish religious literature, including the Scripture and the… …   English World dictionary

  • Torah — Sefer Torah at old Glockengasse Synagogue (reconstruction), Cologne The Torah (English pronunciation: /ˈtɔːrə/; Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Torah — Sefer Torah exposé à la synagogue de la Glockengasse, à Cologne La Torah (en hébreu תּוֹרָה, « instruction » ; en grec ancien Νομος …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Torah — /toh reuh, tawr euh/; Seph. Heb. /toh rddah /; Ashk. Heb. /toh rddeuh, toy rddeuh/, n. (sometimes l.c.) 1. the Pentateuch, being the first of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament. Cf. Tanach. 2. a parchment scroll on which the… …   Universalium


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